Secretariat. Memo from Andropov about anti-Russian feeling and actions in Karachaevo-Cherkessk Autonomous Region, North Caucasus (7 pp). [R 30 December 1980, St 243/8] Excerpt.
[page one of seven]
No St 243/8, 30 December 1980
of the Secretariat of the CPSU Central Committee
Memorandum from USSR Committee for State Security (Comrade Andropov)
of 9 December 1980, No 2576-A
Instruct the Central Committee Departments for Party-organisational Work and for Propaganda to help the Karachaevo-Cherkessk Regional Committee to improve Party-organisational and educational work among the population in accordance with the memorandum of the USSR Committee for State Security (Comrade Andropov) and with regard to the exchange of views at the meeting of the Secretariat.
SECRETARY OF THE CPSU CENTRAL COMMITTEE
Results of vote:
Adopted at the meeting of the CPSU Central Committee Secretariat, 19 August 1980
Central Committee Secretaries, Comrades:
Suslov – for
Chernenko – for
Gorbachev – for
Ponomaryov – for
Dolgikh – for
Zimyanin – for
Rusakov – for
Excerpts to: Comrades Andropov, Solomentsev, [illegible], Zamyatin, Tyazhelnikov
State Security Committee [KGB]
at the USSR Soviet of Ministers
9 December 1980, No 2576-A
To the CPSU Central Committee
Negative processes in the Karachaevo-Cherkessk Autonomous Region
Summary: Among a certain part of the indigenous poppulation of the Karachaevo-Cherkessk Autonomous Region have been noted negative processes distinguished by nationalist, anti-Russian sentiment. Anti-social manifestations, and criminal acts, arise from this background. Measures are being taken to prevent and halt these actions.
Information received by the KGB shows that negative processes of a nationalist tendency have recently intensified among particular categories of the indigenous population of the Karachaevo-Cherkessk Autonomous Region [North Caucasus]. The number of crimes committed on this basis has increased. Among other causes, hostile elements from among persons of the older generation, who earlier engaged in armed struggle against the Soviet system, have influenced the character of these processes. Idealising the past and the outdated traditions and customs of their nation, they have been inciting in all possible ways a ‘grudge’ against the Soviet
regime for its supposed “persecution of the Karachai”, and exploited to this end their deportation to Central Asia during the years of the Great Patriotic War [1941-1945]. […]
Similar feelings are to be found among the young and these often are expressed in open hostility towards Russians. This forms the basis for audacious delinquent acts, of rape and gang battles, which at times threaten to develop into mass disturbances.
In 1979 alone the law-enforcement agencies in the region recorded 33 rapes of women of Russian and other non-local nationalities; over nine months of the present years there were 22 similar crimes, and 36 assaults. These acts are quite often accompanied by cynical declarations and cries, “… All Russians will suffer the same!” “Beat the Russians!”, “Leave our land!”, and so on.
[…] There are numerous confirmed cases when leaders of Karachai nationality try by all means to get rid of employees of another nationality and draw their staff from relatives or other people who are close to them. These conditions give rise to frequently encountered abuse of official status and other negative social phenomena, creating a sense of impunity.