24 July 1973*, St 88/1

Secretariat. Propaganda tasks following Brezhnev’s visit to USA (36 pp). [R 24 July 1973 – St 88-1] Excerpts.

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[page two]

Secret

To the Central Committee

Concerning the main propaganda tasks in view of the results
of the visit of Comrade L.I. Brezhnev,
the General Secretrary of the CPSU Committee, to the United States of America

In accordance with instructions we present drafts of a Central Committee resolution “Concerning the main propaganda tasks in view of the results of the visit of Comrade L.I. Brezhnev, the General Secretrary of the CPSU Committee, to the United States of America”, Guidelines and a Plan of organisational and propaganda measures connected to the results of the visit (attached).

The documents were prepared by the Central Committee Propaganda and International Departments together with the Department for Research and Educational Institutions, the Central Committee Culture Department and the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Deputy head of the Central Committee
Department of Propaganda, Smirnov

Deputy head of the Central Committee
International Department, Kuskov

18 July 1973

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[page three]

Secret
Supplement

Concerning the main propaganda tasks in view of the results
of the visit of Comrade L.I. Brezhnev,
the General Secretrary of the CPSU Committee, to the United States of America

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[page five]                                                                                                        3.

… the turn towards a relaxation of international tension [détente] is happening at a strategically favourable moment for us. The general crisis of capitalism is growing deeper and modern capitalism is being forced to adapt to a new situation because of the numerous defeats of aggressive imperialist policy, the crisis in the financial system of capitalism, the relative weakening of American imperialism around the world, and the fall in the prestige of the US political system. In these circumstances, as class and ethnic contradictions within and between imperialist powers intensify, business circles in capitalist countries are showing an increasing interest in establishing trade and economic relations with the Soviet Union.

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[pages seven to eight]

All organisations involved in producing information and propaganda should strengthen the offensive character of our propaganda in every way. The deep changes in the international situation should not give rise to unfounded illusions, complacency or passivity. We must show that there are certain forces in the world opposed to a relaxation in international tension [détente], and there remain dangerously explosive hotbeds of aggression and war. Avoiding stereotypes inherited from the Cold War period, we must focus attention on a comparative analysis of the two systems. We must reveal in every possible way the superiority of socialism, socialist ideals, and its moral and spiritual values, without overlooking the real difficulties of our development. …

We must wage a resolute offensive against anti-Communist, anti-Soviet, Zionist and militarist forces – against all those who are opposed to détente, support a return to the Cold War, are in favour of the arms race, and those who sow the seeds of hostility and mistrust between nations.

Constant attention must be given to the exposure of attempts by hostile ideological centres to enliven conceptions aimed at encouraging an erosion’ of socialist ideology (among them the various ‘theories’ of convergence and the end of ideology). Any attempts to interpret the relaxation of international tension as “confirmation” of such theories must be rebutted. We must persistently reject the conflation of the “Cold War”, as a definite but by no means fatally inevitable stage in the relation between States, with ideological struggle that is a form of class struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, arising from the contradictions between the two social systems.

While providing a systematic exposure of the provocative meaning with which bourgeois propaganda invests the thesis of the ‘free exchange of ideas, information and people’, we must show, using specific illustrations, that the Soviet Union has always been in favour of developing cultural ties that facilitate the mutual spiritual enrichment of nations, and has achieved significant successes in this field […]

In all our propaganda work we must expose the inadequacy of various petty-bourgeois leftist trends that have become current among a certain section of the young in capitalist countries, showing that the ‘youth revolt’ has no future unless it is linked to the liberation struggle of the proletariat, and the real problems and contradictions of capitalist society. We must emphasise that only socialism opens the way to a genuine liberation for the younger generation. Technocratic theories and views and other approaches that supposedly underpin the special role of the intelligentsia in leading contemporary society, and various types of speculation about ‘the freedom of creativity’ under socialism, must be firmly rebutted.

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[page thirteen]

Secret
Attachment 2

PLAN

of organisational and propaganda measures based on the results of the visit of Comrade L.I. Brezhnev,   to the United States of America

[A “Plan of organisational and propaganda measures” was confirmed embracing almost all spheres of activity. Most important of all would be the wide use of Western media to disseminate Soviet propaganda, VB.

[7. The USSR State Committee for Television and Radio Broadcasting, for instance, was instructed]

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[page fourteen]                                                                                            2.

– to make use of the opportunities that have opened for widening contacts and ties with TV and radio organisations in the USA, France and the FRG to promote Soviet TV material, prepare co-productions, and paying sufficient attention to establishing ties with local TV and radio organisations;

– to organise invitations to leading American TV and radio journalists to visit the Soviet Union so as to make radio broadcasts and TV programmes about the Soviet Union under the supervision, and with the participation, of the State Committee;

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[page fifteen]                                                                                             3.

– with the agreement of the Central Committee Propaganda Department […] to consult with TV and radio organisations in fraternal socialist countries to coordinate … propaganda broadcasts to the USA and to other capitalist countries in Europe, and to determine the main trends in propaganda with reference to the conditions in certain European countries, and clarifying the broadcast schedules;

– to organise regular counter-propaganda broadcasts, that expose the fabrications and insinuations of the bourgeois radio propaganda of Maoist, Zionist and revisionist views.”

[8. The Novosti news agency was instructed]

– to prepare articles by Party, State and public figures in the USSR for influential American newspapers, clarifying various aspects of the CPSU’s domestic and foreign policy;

– to aid leading American journalists in preparing materials when they make such requests;

– to continue joint productions with US TV organisations (ABC, CBS, NBC), and also the TV news agency UPI, of reports, bulletins and programmes devoted to the achievements of the Soviet Union and the life of Soviet people. To prepare and ensure the promotion abroad of the TV documentaries “The newspaper Pravda”, “The Supreme Soviet”, “The Party Committee Secretary”, “Progress and environmental protection”, and others.

[…]

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[page sixteen]                                                                                             4.

[…]

[9. The USSR State Committee for the Press was instructed to]

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[page seventeen]                                                                                           5.

systematically translate into Russian the works of progressive American writers and commentators, and collections of speeches and articles by noted public figures and journalists, which give an objective account of the political and socio-economic processes in the USA and are in favour of cooperation with the Soviet Union …

[…]

[10. The USSR State Committee for Cinematography was tasked to]

develop specific proposals for the co-production of films made by Soviet and American studios …

 

[11. The tasks entrusted to the USSR Academy of Sciences were yet more demanding. It was]

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[page eighteen]                                                                                             6.

to study the possibility of attracting new major American scientific figures to the Pugwash Movement, including a possible personal appeal from noted Soviet scientists;

to widen its research into: the economic, political and social situation of the USA and the issues surrounding the struggle of the workers’, communist, ethnic and other mass movements in the USA; to intensify its study of the contemporary state of American academic disciplines (philosophy, economics, history, sociology, the law, psychology, literature and literary studies) and of the ideological struggle within the fields of research, scholarship and art;

to prepare a situational analysis of issues concerning Soviet-American relations, in relation to the new stage in their development and influence on the situation in the world; also, the relations in these new circumstances between the USA and its West European allies;

to activate contacts with research organisations in France, the FRG, Japan and other countries that are concerned with American Studies.

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[page twenty three]                                                                                  11.

[18. The Main Directorate for Tourism was ordered]

to adopt measures to explain, in the widest terms, to tourists visiting the USSR from the USA and other countries the successes of the Soviet people in communist construction and the practical steps taken by the CPSU Central Committee and the Soviet government to implement the Peace Programme. For this purpose, active use should be made of propaganda lectures, meetings with the Soviet public, showing of Soviet films, and visits to cultural events.”

[Soviet tourists visiting the USA, on the contrary, were ordered to participate in]

information and propaganda work among the US population, such as organising meetings with the American public, press conferences, lectures and reports on radio and television.

[pages twenty four to thirty – Attachment 2, Subject of publications in Soviet press abou the results of Brezhnev’s visit to the USA]

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NOTES
General
1. Notes and additions by translator and editor are bracketed, thus [ ];
2. Text added by hand is indicated in italic script;
3. when a handwritten phrase, figure or word has been inserted
in a previously typed document it is indicated by underlined italic script.
Translation, JC

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About editors (JC)

translator, researcher, editor
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