4. PERESTROIKA, 1985-1991

1985

11 March 1985* (Pb §1) [4] – Politburo. Information about CHERNENKO’s death and election of GORBACHEV as General Secretary (14 pp). [R 11 Mar 85,  Pb, para 1]

12 September 1985 (no number) [3.3; 4; 6] – International Department. About letter from French academicians to USSR Academy of Sciences in defence of the Soviet scientists ANDREI SAKHAROV, ANATOLY SHCHARANSKY, and SERGEI KOVALYOV  (11 pp). [R 12 Sep 85, No 257]

1986

20 March 1986* (Pb) [4] – Politburo: various topics discussed: situation in Afghanistan, letter from SVETLANA ALLILUYEVA about return to USSR, etc. (2 pp). [R 20 Mar 86, Pb]

01 June 1986*, 1135-Ch [3.3; 4] – KGB to Central Committee. Actions of ideological enemies against perestroika and glasnost (5 pp).  [R 1 Jun 86, 1135-Ch]

26 June 1986* (Pb) [4] – Politburo meeting. ALEXANDER YAKOVLEV report to Politburo about the ongoing Congress of the USSR Writers’ Union (5 pp).  [R 26 Jun 86, Pb]

25 September 1986 * (Pb) [3.3; 4] – Politburo. Pardons and release from imprisonment for political prisoners who agree to sign consent letter asking for pardon (3 pp). R 25 Sep 86, Pb, para 1] TBT

30 September 1986*, 1942-Ch [3.3; 4] – KGB report (Chebrikov). Deprivation of citizenship and expulsion of YURY ORLOV from the USSR (3 pp). [R 30 Sep 86, 3 pp – 1942-Ch]

22 October 1986 * (Pb) [4; 9.1] – Politburo. Expulsion of Soviet diplomats from USA and planned Soviet retaliation (5 pp).  [R 22 oct 86, Pb]

26 December 1986*, 2521-Ch [2.2; 3.3; 4] – KGB report (Chebrikov). Proposal to issue State pardons for special categories of criminals [dissidents] on condition that they cease their “anti-Soviet” activities (6 pp). [R 26 Dec 86, 2522-Ch]

1987

1 January 1987 (no number) [3.4; 4] – BOBKOV cover note to GORBACHEV for transcript (not included) of SAKHAROV conversation with western scientists Frank von Hippel and Jeremy Stone. [R 1 Jan 87]

1 February 1987*, 183-Ch [2.2; 3.3; 4] – KGB report (Chebrikov). The numbers then serving a sentence under Articles 70,  190-1 and 142 of the RSFSR Criminal Code; terms for release (see Notes) were eased (9 pp). [R 1 Feb 87, 183-Ch]

4 February 1987*, 206-B [3.3; 4] – KGB memorandum (Bobkov). The circumstances of ANATOLY MARCHENKO’s death after a prolonged hunger strike in Chistopol Prison (Tatarstan). [R 4 Feb 87 – 206-B]

11 May 1987, Pb 65/12 [3.3; 4] – Politburo decision. Strip IRINA RATUSHINSKAYA and IGOR GERASHCHENKO of their Soviet citizenship (4 pp). [R 11 May 87, Pb 65-12]

11 August 1987*, Pb 164/87 [2.2; 4] – Politburo decision. Set up a new specialised KGB agency to defend the Soviet “constitutional order” (4 pp).  [R 11 Aug 87, 4 pp – Pb 164-87] tbt

4 December 1987*, 2451-Ch [3.3; 4] – KGB report (Chebrikov). International seminar on human rights in Moscow and measures taken to hinder it; includes 19 December report on successful obstruction (9 pp). [R 4 Dec 87]

1988

27 July 1988*, 1541-K [2.2; 3.3; 4] – KGB (Kryuchkov) to the Central Committee. The proposal for an international seminar “The KGB and Perestroika” to be held in December in Moscow (2 pp). [R 27 Jul 88, 1541-K]

15 October 1988*, 1791-K [3.4; 4] – KGB report (Kryuchkov) to Central Committee. The newly created political club “Moscow Tribune” (6 pp).  (Document was kindly provided by the Andrei Sakharov archive.) [R 15 Oct 88, 1791-K] tbt

16 November 1988*, 1979-K [3.4; 4] – KGB report (Kryuchkov) to Central Committee. The provocative actions at the conference arranged by the All-Union “Memorial” society (5 pp). [R 16 Nov 88, 1979-K] tbt

1989

24 January 1989*, Pb 146/VI [4; 9.2] – Politburo. The imminent withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan, alternative scenarios (13 pp). [R 24 Jan 89, Pb 146-VI]

14 November 1989*, 2292-K/OV [3.4; 4] – KGB memo (Kryuchkov) to Central Committee. SAKHAROV’s influence on the striking miners in Vorkuta; an analysis of his state of mind and his promises to the miners to provide them with high-quality lawyers (2 pp). [R 14 Nov 89, 2292-K-OV]

15 November 1989, Pb 171/21 [3.6; 4] – Politburo. About improvements in the Soviet laws related to the procedures established for treatment of psychiatric patients (3 pp). [R 15 Nov 89, 3 pp – Pb 171-21]

4 December 1989, 2451-K/OV [3.4; 4] – KGB (Kryuchkov) to Central Committee. An appeal for a pre-emptive nationwide labour strike has been issued by certain members of the People’s Congress of Soviet Deputies (3 pp). (This document was kindly provided by the Andrei Sakharov archive.) [R 4 Dec 89, 3 pp – 2451-K-OV]

8 December 1989 *, 2482-K/ov [3.4; 4] – KGB about ANDREI SAKHAROV’s political activities (4 pp). [R 8 Dec 89, 2482-K-OV]

8 December 1989, 2483-K/ov [3.4; 4] – KGB (Kryuchkov) to Central Committee. The spread of an appeal for a strike throughout the USSR (2 pp). [R 8 Dec 89, 2483-K-OV]

5 December 1989 (no number) [5] – Politburo. Soviet contribution in 1990 to the “International Fund to aid Left-wing and Workers’ Organizations” (see pp. 2-4): total $22 million, all from USSR (4 pp). [R 28 Dec 88, Pb 144-129]

18 December 1989**, 2551-K [3.4; 4] – KGB to Secretariat. Arrangements and KGB actions related to ANDREI SAKHAROV’s death and funeral (2 pp). [R 18 Dec 89, 2551-K]

20 December 1989**, 2568-K [3.4; 4] – KGB on ANDREI SAKHAROV’s funeral (3 pp). [R 20 Dec 89, 3 pp – 2568-K]

1990

6 February 1990**, St-10/3 [4; 7.2] – Secretariat. Discontinuation of illegal crossing to the Soviet territory by activists of the Iraqi Communist Party en route to other countries (7 pp). [R 6 Feb 90, St 10-3]

22 February 1990, St-112/116 [1.2; 4] – Secretariat. Distribution in the USSR of periodical publications from communist and socialist countries (4 pp). [R 22 Feb 90, St 112-116]

30 May 1990, St 116 [1.4; 4] – Secretariat. Preparations for Conference of Russian Federation Communist Party. [R 30 May 90, St -116]

28 September 1990*, 06/2-439 [4; 5] – Central Committee. Problems arising from the sequestration of the East German Party archives by the FRG authorities; the response of the CPSU (7 pp). [R 28 Sep 90, No 06-2-439]

24 October 1990*, Pb 1193 [4] – Politburo. Report about the congress of the newly-formed “Democratic Russia” movement and its anti-Communist stance (7 pp). [R 24 Oct 90, 7 pp – Pb 1193]

1991

11 January 1991* (no number) [2.2; 4] – Central Committee. Report from Committee officials in Lithuania about the attempted takeover by the “Committee for National Salvation”(4 pp). [R 11 Jan 91]

23 January 1991*, Pb 223 [4] – Moscow Party Committee to Central Committee. About large (“150,000” strong) anti-Gorbachev demonstration in Moscow following the Lithuanian events (2 pp). [R 20 Jan 91, Pb 223]

15 February 1991, No 01499 [1.4; 4] – List of documents bearing GORBACHEV’s request for specific actions in 1990 (13 pp). [R 15 Feb 91, No 01499]

15 April 1991 (no number) [4] – About miners’ strike and necessary measures to stabilize situation in the USSR (6 pp). [R 15 Apr 91]

19 April 1991, St 1044 [4] – Secretariat. Discussions and negotiations with leaders of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia (12 pp). [R 19 Apr 91, 12 pp – St 1044]

28 June 1991 (no number) [4; 6] – About political dialogue with foreign parties and political organizations. (5 pp.) (Document kindly provided by Mr. Oleg Gordievsky.) [R 28 Jun 91]

24 July 1991 (no number) [4; 5] – Secretariat. Payment of debts owed by a firm belonging to the Finnish Communist Party (5 pp). [R 18 Jul 91, St 70-5]

10 August 1991*, 1565-K [3.4; 4] – Letter of KGB Director to the committee of the International Sakharov Congress “Peace, Progress and Human Rights” (3 pp). [R 10 Aug 91, 3 pp – 1565-K] tbt

5 December 1991**, No 90-680 [3.3; 4] – Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. Annulment of BUKOVSKY’s 1967 conviction. [R 5 Dec 91]

1992

31 December 1992** (no number) [4; 9.2] – Letter to Chairman of the RF Constitutional Court. Request for 27 Central Committee documents about Afghanistan, to be included in the case of the CPSU (5 pp). [R 31 Dec 92]

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