6 January 1981*, St 244/11

Secretariat. About participation of Soviet delegation in the International Youth Peace Forum in Helsinki; file includes 2 February report  on the results (18 pp). [R 6 January 1981, St 244-11] Excerpts.

===============================================================

[pages nine to eleven, request from B. Pastukhov, Secretary of the Komsomol Central Committee]

Workers of all Lands, Unite!

All-Union Leninist Communist Union of Youth [Komsomol]
CENTRAL COMMITTEE

No. 01/1281

18 December 1980
Secret

To the CPSU Central Committee

Concerning participation in the World Forum of Youth and Students
for Peace, Detente and Disarmament

From 19 to 23 January 1981 the World Forum of Youth and Students
for Peace, Detente and Disarmament will take place in Helsinki (Finland). The proposal for it being held was made at the 18th Congress of the Komsomol and received wide support from internaational, regional and national organisations of youth and students of various political, ideological and religious tendencies.

[..] The preparations are has been helped by an intensification of joint protests for peace by youth and students at the national and international levels.

In Finland, the preparatory work is being carried out by the National Committee of Youth Organisations, supported by the President of the Finnish Republic, U.K. Kekkonen.

[…]

—————————————————————

[page ten]

[Up to 600 delegates were expected from more than one hundred countries, including the international youth organisations of young social democrats, liberals, centrists, Christian democrats and other political tendencies, as well as representatives of the UN, UNESCO and UNCTAD and other bodies.]

At the same time, because of the wide spectrum of political forces taking part in preparations for the Forum there have been attempts by individual organisations, above all conservative groups, to impose discuss during the Forum of the ‘violation’ of human rights in socialist countries, the situation in Afghanistan and Poland, etc., and to include among the participants several reactionary youth organisations. Such attempts did not receive the support of the overwhelming majority of organisations.

[…]

Taking into account the difficult material circumstances of a number of youth and student organisations which will take part as delegations of the World Federation of Democratic Youth and the International Students Union, the WFDY Secretariat and the Bureau of the ISU have appealed to the Komsomol Central Committee and to the fraternal youth unions of socialist countries

————————————————————–

[page eleven]

for help in transporting the participants to the Forum.

[…]

—————————————————————-

[pages thirteen to eighteen – report by B. Pastukhov, Secretary of the Komsomol Central Committee]

Workers of all Lands, Unite!

All-Union Leninist Communist Union of Youth [Komsomol]
CENTRAL COMMITTEE

No. 01/118

6 February 1981
Secret

To the CPSU Central Committee

Concerning the results of the World Forum of Youth and Students
for Peace, Detente and Disarmament

 

————————————————————

[page fourteen]

[…]

The overwhelming majority of speakers, including those representing social-democrat, centrist and liberal organisations spoke in favour of continuing the policy of détente, for the further limitation of strategic weapons, and gave a positive assessment of the contribution of the Soviet Union and other socialist countries

—————————————————————-

[page fifteen]

in assuring peace and security. They condemned NATO plans to deploy new medium-range nuclear missiles in several West European States and sharply criticised the concept of a ‘limited’ nuclear war. Many delegates declared that the hegemonist policy of the Peking leadership was a threat to peace. …

The behaviour at the Forum of representatives of the right-wing of the youth movement revealed their intention to undermine the cooperation that has grown up over the past decade between various political forces and, above all, to drag the social democrats and socialists away from joint actions with the World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY) and the International Union of Students (IUS).

————————————————————-

[page sixteen]

[…]

Relying on the WFDY and the IUS, the Soviet delegation took measures to isolate the right-wingers and to consolidate the Forum on an anti-militarist basis. This work was made more difficult by the Komsomol of the ‘Eurocommunist’ tendency (Italy, Japan, Sweden, Spain) who spoke out in opposition to Soviet military aid to Afghanistan. Member organisations of WFDY and the IUS from Asian, African and Latin American countries played a positive role in this discussion.

==========================================================================
NOTES
General
1. Notes and additions by translator and editor are bracketed, thus [ ];
2. Text added by hand is indicated in italic script;
3. when a handwritten phrase, figure or word has been inserted
in a previously typed document it is indicated by underlined italic script.
Translation, JC

==============================================================

Posted in 8. CPSU & Peace propaganda | Tagged

24 July 1973*, St 88/1

Secretariat. Propaganda tasks following Brezhnev’s visit to USA (36 pp). [R 24 July 1973 – St 88-1] Excerpts.

================================================================

[page two]

Secret

To the Central Committee

Concerning the main propaganda tasks in view of the results
of the visit of Comrade L.I. Brezhnev,
the General Secretrary of the CPSU Committee, to the United States of America

In accordance with instructions we present drafts of a Central Committee resolution “Concerning the main propaganda tasks in view of the results of the visit of Comrade L.I. Brezhnev, the General Secretrary of the CPSU Committee, to the United States of America”, Guidelines and a Plan of organisational and propaganda measures connected to the results of the visit (attached).

The documents were prepared by the Central Committee Propaganda and International Departments together with the Department for Research and Educational Institutions, the Central Committee Culture Department and the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Deputy head of the Central Committee
Department of Propaganda, Smirnov

Deputy head of the Central Committee
International Department, Kuskov

18 July 1973

—————————————————————-

[page three]

Secret
Supplement

Concerning the main propaganda tasks in view of the results
of the visit of Comrade L.I. Brezhnev,
the General Secretrary of the CPSU Committee, to the United States of America

———————————————————-

[page five]                                                                                                        3.

… the turn towards a relaxation of international tension [détente] is happening at a strategically favourable moment for us. The general crisis of capitalism is growing deeper and modern capitalism is being forced to adapt to a new situation because of the numerous defeats of aggressive imperialist policy, the crisis in the financial system of capitalism, the relative weakening of American imperialism around the world, and the fall in the prestige of the US political system. In these circumstances, as class and ethnic contradictions within and between imperialist powers intensify, business circles in capitalist countries are showing an increasing interest in establishing trade and economic relations with the Soviet Union.

—————————————————————-

[pages seven to eight]

All organisations involved in producing information and propaganda should strengthen the offensive character of our propaganda in every way. The deep changes in the international situation should not give rise to unfounded illusions, complacency or passivity. We must show that there are certain forces in the world opposed to a relaxation in international tension [détente], and there remain dangerously explosive hotbeds of aggression and war. Avoiding stereotypes inherited from the Cold War period, we must focus attention on a comparative analysis of the two systems. We must reveal in every possible way the superiority of socialism, socialist ideals, and its moral and spiritual values, without overlooking the real difficulties of our development. …

We must wage a resolute offensive against anti-Communist, anti-Soviet, Zionist and militarist forces – against all those who are opposed to détente, support a return to the Cold War, are in favour of the arms race, and those who sow the seeds of hostility and mistrust between nations.

Constant attention must be given to the exposure of attempts by hostile ideological centres to enliven conceptions aimed at encouraging an erosion’ of socialist ideology (among them the various ‘theories’ of convergence and the end of ideology). Any attempts to interpret the relaxation of international tension as “confirmation” of such theories must be rebutted. We must persistently reject the conflation of the “Cold War”, as a definite but by no means fatally inevitable stage in the relation between States, with ideological struggle that is a form of class struggle between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, arising from the contradictions between the two social systems.

While providing a systematic exposure of the provocative meaning with which bourgeois propaganda invests the thesis of the ‘free exchange of ideas, information and people’, we must show, using specific illustrations, that the Soviet Union has always been in favour of developing cultural ties that facilitate the mutual spiritual enrichment of nations, and has achieved significant successes in this field […]

In all our propaganda work we must expose the inadequacy of various petty-bourgeois leftist trends that have become current among a certain section of the young in capitalist countries, showing that the ‘youth revolt’ has no future unless it is linked to the liberation struggle of the proletariat, and the real problems and contradictions of capitalist society. We must emphasise that only socialism opens the way to a genuine liberation for the younger generation. Technocratic theories and views and other approaches that supposedly underpin the special role of the intelligentsia in leading contemporary society, and various types of speculation about ‘the freedom of creativity’ under socialism, must be firmly rebutted.

——————————————————————-

[page thirteen]

Secret
Attachment 2

PLAN

of organisational and propaganda measures based on the results of the visit of Comrade L.I. Brezhnev,   to the United States of America

[A “Plan of organisational and propaganda measures” was confirmed embracing almost all spheres of activity. Most important of all would be the wide use of Western media to disseminate Soviet propaganda, VB.

[7. The USSR State Committee for Television and Radio Broadcasting, for instance, was instructed]

————————————————————

[page fourteen]                                                                                            2.

– to make use of the opportunities that have opened for widening contacts and ties with TV and radio organisations in the USA, France and the FRG to promote Soviet TV material, prepare co-productions, and paying sufficient attention to establishing ties with local TV and radio organisations;

– to organise invitations to leading American TV and radio journalists to visit the Soviet Union so as to make radio broadcasts and TV programmes about the Soviet Union under the supervision, and with the participation, of the State Committee;

——————————————————————

[page fifteen]                                                                                             3.

– with the agreement of the Central Committee Propaganda Department […] to consult with TV and radio organisations in fraternal socialist countries to coordinate … propaganda broadcasts to the USA and to other capitalist countries in Europe, and to determine the main trends in propaganda with reference to the conditions in certain European countries, and clarifying the broadcast schedules;

– to organise regular counter-propaganda broadcasts, that expose the fabrications and insinuations of the bourgeois radio propaganda of Maoist, Zionist and revisionist views.”

[8. The Novosti news agency was instructed]

– to prepare articles by Party, State and public figures in the USSR for influential American newspapers, clarifying various aspects of the CPSU’s domestic and foreign policy;

– to aid leading American journalists in preparing materials when they make such requests;

– to continue joint productions with US TV organisations (ABC, CBS, NBC), and also the TV news agency UPI, of reports, bulletins and programmes devoted to the achievements of the Soviet Union and the life of Soviet people. To prepare and ensure the promotion abroad of the TV documentaries “The newspaper Pravda”, “The Supreme Soviet”, “The Party Committee Secretary”, “Progress and environmental protection”, and others.

[…]

—————————————————————–

[page sixteen]                                                                                             4.

[…]

[9. The USSR State Committee for the Press was instructed to]

———————————————————–

[page seventeen]                                                                                           5.

systematically translate into Russian the works of progressive American writers and commentators, and collections of speeches and articles by noted public figures and journalists, which give an objective account of the political and socio-economic processes in the USA and are in favour of cooperation with the Soviet Union …

[…]

[10. The USSR State Committee for Cinematography was tasked to]

develop specific proposals for the co-production of films made by Soviet and American studios …

 

[11. The tasks entrusted to the USSR Academy of Sciences were yet more demanding. It was]

————————————————-

[page eighteen]                                                                                             6.

to study the possibility of attracting new major American scientific figures to the Pugwash Movement, including a possible personal appeal from noted Soviet scientists;

to widen its research into: the economic, political and social situation of the USA and the issues surrounding the struggle of the workers’, communist, ethnic and other mass movements in the USA; to intensify its study of the contemporary state of American academic disciplines (philosophy, economics, history, sociology, the law, psychology, literature and literary studies) and of the ideological struggle within the fields of research, scholarship and art;

to prepare a situational analysis of issues concerning Soviet-American relations, in relation to the new stage in their development and influence on the situation in the world; also, the relations in these new circumstances between the USA and its West European allies;

to activate contacts with research organisations in France, the FRG, Japan and other countries that are concerned with American Studies.

————————————————————

[page twenty three]                                                                                  11.

[18. The Main Directorate for Tourism was ordered]

to adopt measures to explain, in the widest terms, to tourists visiting the USSR from the USA and other countries the successes of the Soviet people in communist construction and the practical steps taken by the CPSU Central Committee and the Soviet government to implement the Peace Programme. For this purpose, active use should be made of propaganda lectures, meetings with the Soviet public, showing of Soviet films, and visits to cultural events.”

[Soviet tourists visiting the USA, on the contrary, were ordered to participate in]

information and propaganda work among the US population, such as organising meetings with the American public, press conferences, lectures and reports on radio and television.

[pages twenty four to thirty – Attachment 2, Subject of publications in Soviet press abou the results of Brezhnev’s visit to the USA]

==========================================================================
NOTES
General
1. Notes and additions by translator and editor are bracketed, thus [ ];
2. Text added by hand is indicated in italic script;
3. when a handwritten phrase, figure or word has been inserted
in a previously typed document it is indicated by underlined italic script.
Translation, JC

==============================================================

Posted in 1.1 Ideology, 9.1 Foreign policy and USA | Tagged

10 September 1976*, 2066-A

KGB and Ministry of Health to Central Committee about Western “anti-Soviet propaganda” concerning the abuse of psychiatry for political purposes (18 pp).
[R 10 September 1976, 2066-A]

===========================================================

[page one of eighteen]

State Security Committee [KGB]
at the USSR Soviet of Ministers
10 September 1976
No. 2066-A
Moscow

Secret

Concerning the Western-Inspired Anti-Soviet Campaign against the “Use of
Psychiatry in the USSR for Political Purposes”

An anti-Soviet campaign is gaining momentum in a number of Western countries, with blatant insinuations about the alleged use of psychiatry in the USSR as an instrument of political struggle against “dissidents.”

The ideological centres and secret services of the adversary are involving the mass media in this, using the platforms of scientific forums and inciting anti-Soviet “demonstrations” and “protests.” They are systematically offering the opportunity to the “living eyewitnesses” FAINBERG, PLYUSHCH, NEKRASOV, GORBANEVSKAYA, and several others, who are known in the West for their anti-Soviet activities, to make dirty fabrications about the living conditions and the detention of sick individuals in Soviet psychiatric hospitals.

The latest data attest that this campaign has the character of a scrupulously planned anti-Soviet action. The organizers of the defamatory statements are clearly seeking to prepare public opinion for the open condemnation of “psychiatric abuses in the USSR” at the forthcoming 6th World Congress of Psychiatry (Honolulu, USA) in August 1977, expecting to stir up a negative political response on the eve of the celebrations of the 60th anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution.

At the present time, the initiators of the campaign are involving international and national organizations of psychiatrists, and individual reputable scholars. They are creating special “committees” to oversee the activities of psychiatrists in various countries, above all in the USSR.

————————————————————

[page two]                                                                                                   2.

In January 1976, the so-called “Action Committee against the Abuse of Psychiatry for Political Purposes” was founded in Geneva, which included 56 Western scientists. The “Committee” is intent on organizing a discussion “on the abuses of psychiatry in the USSR” at the 6th World Congress of Psychiatry.

An active role in the growth of anti-Soviet sentiment is played by the Royal College of Psychiatrists in Great Britain, which is under the influence of pro-Zionist elements. In May 1976, a resolution was passed at its congress to address a request to the participants of the 6th World Congress of Psychiatry to condemn “the systematic use of psychiatrists in the USSR for political purposes.” A working group has been formed to study “evidence of psychiatric abuses.”

In June 1976, the question of the “situation with Soviet psychiatry” was examined at the General Assembly of the Union of French Psychologists, where a resolution was passed “condemning the actions of psychiatrists in the USSR,” and a petition was formulated with demands “to put an end to the use of psychiatry for repressive purposes.”

Attempts are being undertaken to involve the World Health Organization (WHO) in the campaign. At present, work is underway in WHO to prepare a so-called “Draft of Legislation on Psychiatry.” Its elaboration and selection of participating countries are controlled by the American side.

The inspirers of this action are also putting pressure on the leadership of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA). The Executive Committee of the WPA is receiving “evidence of psychiatric abuses in the USSR,” fabricated in the West, and demands to issue accusations directed against Soviet psychiatrists. The English psychiatrists, D. Leigh [secretary general] and L. Rees [treasurer], members of the WPA’s Executive Committee [1], are being subjected to public harassment only because, on the initiative of Soviet psychiatrists, they were elected honorary members of the All-Union Society of Neuropathologists and Psychiatrists.

—————————————————————

[page three]                                                                                            3.

During the WPA symposium on ethics in psychiatry that took place in London in June 1976 several participants sought to introduce into the declaration a clause about “political dissidents,” which was supported by several Members of Parliament, most of the London newspapers, as well as the participants of an organized anti-Soviet rally. However, as a result of the active and principled position of Professor M. E. VARTANIAN, the Soviet representative and member of the WPA Executive Committee, this proposal was rejected.

The Committee of State Security, through its operational resources, is adopting measures to disrupt the hostile, Western-inspired attacks on Soviet psychiatry.

At the same time, we would consider it expedient to instruct the Ministry of Health of the USSR, through the Department of Science and Educational Institutions of the CC CPSU and the Propaganda Department of the CC CPSU, to implement appropriate official measures through the channels of international scientific exchanges during the period of preparing for the 6th World Congress of Psychiatry (1977), after having organized their propaganda support together with information agencies.

We request your consideration.

CHAIRMAN OF THE COMMITTEE OF STATE SECURITY

(signature) ANDROPOV

————————————————————-

[page four]

MINISTRY OF HEALTH OF THE USSR
(Minzdrav SSSR)

Secret
No of copies: 1

101432 GSP-4, Moscow-51,
Rakhmanovsky Street
Telegraphic address:
Moscow, K-9, Soiuzminzdrav

22 October 1976, No. 2750

To the CPSU Central Committee

On Measures to Counteract the Anti-Soviet Campaign in the West regarding
the “Use of Psychiatry in the USSR for Political Purposes”

In keeping with the order to develop a plan to counteract the anti-Soviet campaign being conducted in the West regarding the “use of psychiatry in the USSR for political purposes,” the Ministry of Health of the USSR is carrying out the following measures:

With the goal of developing measures to counteract the above- mentioned campaign and comprehensively preparing for participation in the World Congress of Psychiatrists (Honolulu, August 1977), where the most active anti-Soviet protest actions are expected, the USSR Ministry of Health has formed an organizational group headed by Deputy Minister of Health of the USSR, D. D. Venediktov, with the participation of the well-known Soviet psychiatrists, Professors A. V. Snezhnevsky, G. V. Morozov, E. A. Babayan, M. E. Vartanyan, and others.

Measures have been adopted to collect information about the activities of all “committees” and “associations” founded in the West, particularly in Great Britain, France, the USA, and other countries, which are protesting against psychiatric “abuses” (statements in the press, radio, and television, in various letters, reports, press conferences, etc.), as well as about the fate of all the mentally ill “dissidents” who have left the USSR, about existing and draft legislation in foreign countries in relation to health and the legal rights of mentally ill individuals. Relevant inquiries are sent through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR to embassies and Soviet missions at international organizations, as well as to the State Committee for Radio and Television, TASS, and the Novosti Press Agency.

————————————————————-

[page five]                                                                                                 2.

Enhanced analysis of this information, as well as data that already exists at the Ministry of Health of the USSR on the organization of psychiatric assistance in many foreign countries and legislation in this sphere, is entrusted to the Institute of Psychiatry at the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, where a special group has been formed under the leadership of Comrade M. E. Vartanyan, as well as to the Serbsky Institute of Forensic Psychiatry.

A group of Soviet academics (A. V. Snezhnevsky, R. A. Nadzharov, G. V. Morozov, M. E. Vartanyan et al) has begun to formulate well-reasoned documents exposing the mendacity and bankruptcy of the bourgeois propagandists, who seek to exploit the misfortune of sick people in the interests of political speculation, as well as to discredit the scientific foundations of psychiatry as such.

This work will be continued, and take into account supplementary information that will be obtained from abroad.

The forms of utilizing these documents (scientific articles, press conferences, statements in the press, radio, television, etc.) and the timeframe for implementing the measures will be determined, together with the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the KGB at the Council of Ministers of the USSR, and the mass media, in accordance with the evolving situation.

In addition, the Ministry of Health of the USSR is developing concrete action plans within inter-governmental and non-governmental international medical organizations:

— within the World Psychiatric Association: participation in regular meetings of the Executive Committee, the inclusion of a Soviet specialist in the Executive Committee in place of Comrade M. E. Vartanyan in connection with the end of his term in office, maintaining a correspondence with progressive members of the association’s Executive Committee, the early inclusion of reports by Soviet specialists into the agenda of the congress, the harmonization of positions with the delegations of socialist countries;

— within the World Health Organization: boosting Soviet specialists’ participation in all forthcoming academic conferences on questions relating to mental health and holding negotiations with the general director of the WHO, H[alfdan] Mahler, and his deputy, T. Lambo (a psychiatrist by profession), concerning the inadmissibility

—————————————————————

[page six]                                                                                                       3.

of involving the WHO in the anti-Soviet campaign in any way, as well as the dissemination through the WHO of truthful information about the organization of psychiatric assistance in the USSR; the preparation of crucial materials on the USSR’s position on the protection of human rights during medical-biological examinations, as well as according to the principles of medical ethics, the elaboration of which is entrusted to the WHO at the 19th General Assembly of the UN.

Work will be stepped up in order to reveal the progressive moods of important psychiatrists in the USA, England, France, and other capitalist countries, extending h invitations to them from the USSR to give lectures, participate in various types of scientific conference and symposium relating to questions of psychiatry and psychotropic agents; the sojourn of these specialists in the USSR will be used in continuing explanatory work to organize their appearances in [Soviet] mass media directed abroad; in agreement with Soviet embassies, proposals may be submitted in connection with the election of a number of foreign psychiatrists as honorary members of the All-Union Association of Neuropathologists and Psychiatrists.

At the same time, the dispatching of prominent Soviet psychiatrists abroad to take part in a variety of scientific conferences in 1976-1977 will be stepped up; at issue here [is the question] of using their stay abroad for the purposes of disseminating truthful information about Soviet psychiatry and carrying out explanatory work.

Taking into account that the hottest point of the anti-Soviet campaign is to be expected during the proceedings of the World Congress of Psychiatry, the Ministry of Health of the USSR considers it reasonable to dispatch a carefully prepared delegation or a specialized group of tourists, comprised of 10-15 leading Soviet specialists, to take part in the scientific program of the World Congress of Psychiatry and possibly , if the need arises, to present papers at the congress which will unmask the political, anti-scientific nature of the campaign being conducted in the West.

We suggest that the implementation of several supplementary measures (statements in the press, the dispatching of specialized tourist groups to some Western countries, etc.) be timed to coincide with the Congress.

————————————————————-

[page seven]                                                                                                    4.

The Ministry of Health will also continue, jointly with the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs, to carry out regular inspections of special hospitals [2] where the enforced treatment of mentally ill individuals is taking place, so as to eliminate on site the uncovered shortcomings and submit proposals aimed at improving psychiatric assistance for this category of patient. We also suggest resolving the question of organizing possible tours of individual such hospitals and patients for foreign specialists, as well as the familiarization of a number of authoritative foreign scientists with genuine medical histories of “dissidents”, who are most often mentioned in the Western press.

The implementation of the above measures requires certain funds. The USSR Ministry of Health suggests that a request be sent to the Council of Ministers’ State Committee on Science and Technology and the USSR Ministry of Finances to allot funding in hard currency for dispatching of Soviet psychiatrists abroad; expenses in Soviet roubles can be charged to the general operating budget of the Ministry of Health.

DEPUTY MINISTER OF HEALTH OF THE USSR

(signature) S. Burenkov

————————————————————–

[page eight]

Secret

To the CPSU Central Committee

On Measures to Counteract the Anti-Soviet Campaign regarding
the So-Called “Abuses” of Psychiatry in the USSR

The Committee of State Security at the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Comrade Andropov) has reported on the anti-Soviet campaign being conducted in a number of Western countries, at the heart of which lie malicious fabrications about the alleged use of psychiatry in the USSR for a political struggle against “dissidents,” and is submitting a proposal for the USSR Ministry of Health and mass-information agencies to adopt appropriate measures in order to unmask the fabrications of bourgeois propaganda about psychiatric “abuses” in the USSR.

In accordance with this order, the USSR Ministry of Health has developed and is implementing measures to counteract the above-mentioned anti-Soviet campaign. A group of well-known Soviet scientists is in the process of preparing documents that unmask the mendacity and groundless nature of the declarations of bourgeois propagandists, who are seeking to exploit the misfortune of sick people for political purposes and to discredit the scientific foundations of psychiatry. It is intended that these materials be used for scientific articles, press conferences, radio and television appearances, and for distribution abroad through the channels of TASS and the Novosti Press Agency. The timeframe and character of the propaganda measures will be specified in agreement with the KGB at the USSR Soviet Council of Ministers and the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Measures have been adopted to gather, generalize and analyse the hostile fabrications regarding psychiatric “abuses”, as well as the study of foreign legislation on the legal rights of mentally ill persons and their health protection.

———————————————————-

[page nine]                                                                                                  2.

It has been arranged that the indicated materials will sent by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the USSR State Committee for Radio and Television, TASS, and the Novosti Press Agency at the requests of the USSR Ministry of Health.

The Ministry of Health is working to identify progressive-minded, major psychiatrists in the USA, England, France, and other capitalist countries and to invite them to the USSR to take part in scientific conferences and symposia, to familiarize them with the achievements of psychiatric help in our country. It is intended to use their positive statements in propaganda work abroad.

Within the framework of scientific cooperation and through the Union of Soviet Friendship Societies there are plans to dispatch prominent national psychiatrists to Western countries with the goal of disseminating truthful information among the public and specialists about the organization of psychiatric assistance in the USSR and the superiority of the Soviet health system.

The Ministry of Health and the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs have organized inspections of special hospitals where the enforced treatment of individuals with mental illnesses is taking place, with the goal of improving the medical assistance provided to this category of patient. It is suggested that, if necessary, certain such hospitals could be shown to foreign specialists.

Active preparation has begun for participation in the World Congress of Psychiatry (Honolulu, August 1977), taking into account possible anti-Soviet protests there. For these purposes, a preparatory group comprised of well-known Soviet psychiatrists headed by Comrade Venediktov, Deputy Minister of Health, has been set up.

The USSR Ministry of Health intends to send a delegation of 10-15 leading Soviet specialists to take part in the work of the Congress and in

————————————————————-

[page ten]                                                                                                         3.

public appearances in order to unmask the speculative, anti-scientific nature of the campaign being conducted in several capitalist countries.

Together with the indicated measures, concrete plans have been stipulated for actions in inter-governmental and non-governmental international medical organizations within the framework of scientific cooperation.

Because the dispatching of Soviet psychiatrists on assignment abroad requires supplementary expenses, the USSR Ministry of Health has sent a request to the State Committee on Science and Technology at the USSR Council of Ministers about the assignation of appropriate funds for this purpose.

This matter has been agreed with the USSR State Committee for Television and Radio Broadcasting (Comrade Lapin), TASS (Comrade Zamyatin), and the Novosti Press Agency (Comrade Tolkunov).

The CPSU Central Committee Department of Science and Educational Institutions and the Propaganda Department consider it possible to agree to the measures developed by the USSR Ministry of Health with respect to this matter. Departments of the CPSU Central Committee are overseeing their implementation.

Head of the Central Committee Department
of Science and Educational Institutions

(signature)                                  (S. Trapeznikov)

Deputy Head
of the Central Committee Propaganda Department

(signature)                                  (M. Nenashev)

9 December 1976
320-A/7

—————————————————————-

[page eleven contains a counter-signature from Trapeznikov’s department]

[page twelve]

To the CPSU Central Committee

On the last day of his stay in the USSR, a member of the Portuguese parliamentary delegation that I was assigned to accompany, A. Fernandez da Fonseca who is a prominent specialist in the field of neuropathology and psychiatry, and a deputy of the Socialist Party, told me the following in confidence:

According to information available to him, American anti-Soviet figures are preparing to use the upcoming World Congress of Psychiatry in 1977 in Honolulu to organize a fierce anti-Soviet campaign regarding the dissemination in the West of libellous statements about the fact that in our country “dissidents” are allegedly incarcerated in psychiatric hospitals.

“Such manoeuvres,” said A. Fernandez da Fonseca, “were already undertaken at the previous World Congress of Psychiatry in Mexico in 1971, but a much broader action is now being prepared. In view of this, it would be important for Soviet specialists who will be taking part in the congress to be armed with convincing scientific documentation that would counter the mendacious claims of the enemies of the USSR. In my view, it would also be important for Soviet specialists right now to arm progressive, leading foreign psychiatrists with relevant scientific information, who, together with Soviet psychiatrists, could deter the libellers.”

In this connection, A. Fernandez da Fonseca requested that he be sent the appropriate information in preparation for his speech at the congress. According to him,

———————————————————–

[page thirteen]                                                                                          2.

these details would be used to familiarize the leading psychiatrists of other countries whose population speaks Portuguese.

“A meeting of the association of psychiatrists of Portugal, Brazil, and five African countries whose people speak Portuguese is planned for May,” he said. “We will have an opportunity to meet with my distinguished colleagues and convince them of the illegitimacy of the accusations being put forward by American representatives.”

Fernandez da Fonseca emphasized that what is needed right now is not general declarations of a political nature that confirm the absurdity of the American accusations, but concrete scientific material—diagnoses and reports on the treatment of such people as Plyushch, Bukovsky, and others, who are being passed off as “innocent victims.” I think that A. Fernandez da Fonseca’s request merits attention.

(signature)

Yu. Zhukov
Deputy of the USSR Supreme Soviet

 

—————————————————————-

[page fourteen]

To the CPSU Central Committee

We are forwarding a note written by the deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, G. A. Zhukov, who worked with the Portuguese parliamentary delegation that was in the USSR from 3 to 10 November of this year.

The note contains information that was passed confidentially to Comrade G. A. Zhukov from A. Fernandez de Fonseca (member of the delegation, deputy from the Socialist Party).

Chairman of the Council of Nationalities
of the USSR Supreme Soviet

(signature) P. RUBEN

23 November 1976
No. 460

————————————————————-

[page fifteen]

To the USSR Supreme Soviet

To Comrade A. P. SHCHITIKOV

On the last day of his stay in the USSR A. Fernandez da Fonseca, a member of the Portuguese parliamentary delegation that I was assigned to accompany, a prominent specialist in the field of neuropathology and psychiatry, and delegate of the Socialist Party, told me the following in confidence:

According to data available to him, American anti-Soviet figures are preparing to use the upcoming World Congress of Psychiatry in 1977 in Honolulu to organize a fierce anti-Soviet campaign regarding the dissemination in the West of libellous judgments about the fact that in our country “dissidents” are allegedly incarcerated in psychiatric hospitals.

“Such manoeuvres,” said A. Fernandez da Fonseca,” were already employed at the previous World Congress of Psychiatry in Mexico in 1971, but a much larger action is now being prepared. In this connection, it would be important for Soviet specialists who will be taking part in the congress to be armed with convincing scientific documentation that would counter the mendacious claims of the enemies of the USSR. In my view, it would also be important for Soviet specialists right now to arm progressive, leading foreign psychiatrists with appropriate scientific information, who could rebuff the libellers together with the Soviet psychiatrists.”

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[page sixteen]

In this connection, A. Fernandez da Fonseca requested that he be sent the appropriate information in preparation for his speech at the congress. According to him, these data would be used to familiarize leading psychiatrists of other countries whose population speaks Portuguese.

He said, “In May a meeting is planned for the association of psychiatrists of Portugal, Brazil, and five African countries whose people speak Portuguese. We will have an opportunity to meet with my distinguished colleagues and convince them of the illegitimacy of the accusations being put forward by American representatives.”

Fernandez da Fonseca emphasized that what is needed right now is not general declarations of a political nature that confirm the absurdity of the American accusations, but concrete scientific material—diagnoses and reports on the treatment of such people as Plyushch, Bukovsky, and others, who are being passed off as “innocent victims.” I think that A. Fernandez da Fonseca’s request merits attention.

(signature) Yu. Zhukov

Deputy of the USSR Supreme Soviet

16 November 1976

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[page seventeen]

Secret
Copy no. 1

MINISTRY OF HEALTH OF THE USSR
(MINZDRAV SSSR)

101431, GSP-4, Moscow K-51,
Rakhmanovsky Street, 3
Telegraph address: Moscow K-9, Soyuzminzdrav

13 December 1976 No. 3193
Reply to No. 53530 of 6 December 1976

In keeping with the plan of measures to counteract the anti-Soviet campaign being conducted in the West in connection with the “use of psychiatry in the USSR for political purposes,” outlined in the attached letter (No. 2750, 22 October 1976), at the present time the USSR Ministry of Health is in the process of collecting and analysing information concerning this campaign, establishing contact with progressive psychiatrists abroad who are critical of it, and preparing materials that objectively elucidate the questions of psychiatric assistance in the Soviet Union, for their further dissemination among the Western public and psychiatrists-specialists.

In this connection, the Ministry of Health is positively disposed toward the suggestion of the Portuguese psychiatrist, A. Fernandez da Fonseca, and will use his resources for the dissemination of information that is necessary for us.

ATTACHMENTS: 2 letters/ Ref No. 150-CC/

USSR MINISTER OF HEALTH
(signature)        V. PETROVSKY

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[page eighteen]

28 December 1976

To the CPSU Central Committee

Concerning the Note of Comrade G. A. Zhukov,
Deputy of the USSR Supreme Soviet

Comrade G. A. Zhukov, deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, reports that in November 1976, A. Fernandez da Fonseca, a member of the Portuguese parliamentary delegation and leading specialist in the field of neuropathology and psychiatry, provided information on the anti-Soviet campaign being conducted in the West, which is based on malicious fabrications about the alleged use of psychiatry in the USSR in the political struggle against “dissidents.” In connection with this, A. Fernandez da Fonseca requested that he be supplied with indispensable information to prepare for his speech at the World Congress of Psychiatry (Honolulu, August 1977) with the goal of unmasking the mendacity and unsubstantiated nature of these libellous statements.

According to the Ministry of Health of the USSR (Comrade Petrovsky), in keeping with the plan of measures to counteract the anti-Soviet campaign being conducted in the West in connection with the “use of psychiatry in the USSR for political purposes” the collection and analysis of information pertaining to this campaign is being undertaken at the present time, contacts are being established with progressive foreign psychiatrists, [and] materials that objectively elucidate questions of psychiatric assistance in the Soviet Union are being prepared for their future dissemination abroad.

The USSR Ministry of Health is positively disposed toward the suggestion of A. Fernandez da Fonseca and is continuing to use his resources for disseminating truthful information among the public and specialists about the organization of psychiatric assistance in our country.

Deputy Head of the Central Committee Department
of Science and Educational Institutions

(signature)                                         (S. Shcherbakov)

28 December 1976

==========================================================

NOTES
[1] For Dr David Leigh and Professor Linford Rees, see Bloch and Reddaway, Russia’s Political Hospitals, pp.298-299.
[2] Many of the Soviet special hospitals were created in pre-existing prisons and came under the direct control of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. For an account of one such institution, see Vladimir Gershuni, “Notes from the Oryol SPH”, Chronicle of Current Events, No 19 (30 April 1971)
General
1. Notes and additions by translator and editor are bracketed, thus [ ];
2. Text added by hand is indicated in italic script;
3. when a handwritten phrase, figure or word has been inserted
in a previously typed document it is indicated by underlined italic script.
Translation, Marta Olynyk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in 3.6 The abuse of psychiatry | Tagged

26 December 1980*, St 243/57

Secretariat. Letter to chairman of Danish Social Democratic Party about the arrest of refusenik Victor Brailovsky, explaining his “criminal activities” (3 pp). [R 26 December 1980, St 243-57]

==============================================================

[Text from a different document, presumably International Department to Central Committee]

The chairman of the Danish Social Democratic Party, Prime Minister A[nker] Jorgensen has sent a telegram to the International Department in which he requests help, in the name of his party, to ‘re-unite the family’ of Soviet citizen V.L. Brailovsky. Brailovsky was recently arrested and is under investigation, accused of systematically distributing slanderous allegations against the State and social system of the USSR [1].

Since the CPSU maintains inter-party relations with the leadership of the Danish SDP we consider it would not be expedient to leave Jurgensen’s telegram unanswered. The reply could be sent via the Soviet ambassador in Denmark.

Bearing in mind that Jorgensen’s telegram was widely distributed by the media in the West we should act on the assumption that our reply may also be published.

[pages two to three give text of instructions to the Soviet ambassador]

==============================================================

NOTES
[1]  For Brailovsky, his fate and the unofficial seminars he ran for those refused the right to emigrate, see the Chronicle of Current Events and, in particular,  issues 56.14 (30 April 1980) and 60.6 (31 Dec 1980).
General
1. Notes and additions by translator and editor are bracketed, thus [ ];
2. Text added by hand is indicated in italic script;
3. when a handwritten phrase, figure or word has been inserted
in a previously typed document it is indicated by underlined italic script.
Translation, JC

==============================================================

Posted in 3.3 after 1980, 6. CPSU and the non-Communist world | Tagged