2.1 TERROR AND REPRESSION IN THE USSR, pre-1975

1930s

24 September 1937, Pb 54/212 [2.1] – Politburo decision. Dealing with anti-Soviet Elements. Central Committee permits Armenian Communist Party to increase executions. [R 24 September 1937, Pb 54-212]

31 October 1937* (no number) [2.1] – NKVD correspondence. Letter from A. FRENKEL (Kuibyshev city NKVD) to NKVD chief YEZHOV: malfunctioning of troikas, unburied bodies of Enemies of the People, and poor safety measures during interrogation (2 pp). [R 31 October 1937]

31 January 1938*, Pb 57/48 [2.1] – Dealing with “Anti-Soviet Elements”. Politburo accepts NKVD request to increase quotas for 1st category (executions) and 2nd category arrests in 22 Republics and Regions across the USSR (2 pp). [R 31 January 1938, Pb 57-48]

4 February 1938*, No 95/III [2.1] – Encrypted telegram from YULY KAGANOVICH to STALIN and NKVD chief YEZHOV. Request to increase executions and arrests in the Gorky Region.  [R 4 February 1938, No 95-III]

17 February 1938*, Pb 58/57 [2.1] – Politburo decision. NKVD request to increase Ukraine NKVD’s quota for arrests by 30,000 is granted.  [R 17 February 1938, Pb 58-57]

10 May 1938, Pb 61/128 [2.1] – Politburo decision. NKVD request from Omsk (Siberia) to increase quota for executions by a further 1,000 persons. [R 10 May 1938, Pb 61-128]

17 July 1938 (no number) [2.1] – Request from Belorussian NKVD. Encrypted telegram from Belorussian SSR to STALIN, YEZHOV and ANDREYEV, to increase quota for executions (2,000) and arrests (3,000). [R 17 July 1938]

15 September 1938, Pb 64/22 [2.1] – Politburo decision. Reduce the role of “special troikas”, signed by STALIN; after 1 August charges of Counter-Revolutionary activities (Article 58) to be examined by courts (2 pp). [R 15 September 1938, Pb 64-22]

31 December 1938* (no number) [2.1] – STALIN’s written permission for the Krasnoyarsk Region [Siberia] to carry out several thousand additional “1st category arrests” (executions). The instruction was written in pencil on a small, plain slip of paper.  [R 31 December 1938]

05 February 1939, 530-B [2.1] – NKVD memorandum. Letter from NKVD head BERIA and Procurator-General VYSHINSKY to STALIN about removing criminal record of all those who have served sentences of three years and under (with the exception of those convicted under Article 58-1-14, RSFSR Criminal Code). Mentions total of 2 million arrested and exiled since 1927 (2 pp). [R 5 September 1939, 530-B]

1940s

31 October 1941* (no number) [2.1] – Report to NKVD chief BERIA. The activities of a special NKVD division at front, from 22 June until 19 October 1941: 657,364 arrested and 10,201 shot (3 pp). [R 31 October 1941]

15 January 1947* (no number) [2.1] – Note from MGB chief ABAKUMOV to STALIN. The trials of White Generals PYOTR KRASNOV, ANDREI SHKURO and SULTAN KELECH GHIREY (handed over by British), and certain others. Stalin’s decision (2 pp). [R 15 January 1947] tbt

3 March 1947 (no number) [2.1] – Report from MGB chief ABAKUMOV to STALIN. Permission for arrest of Generals GORDOV and RIBALCHENKO, based on clandestine report about Gordov’s conversation with his wife; Stalin’s handwritten decision. [R 3 March 1947]

1950s

6 October 1952 (no number) [2.1] – Note from MGB chief IGNATIEV to Central Committee. Request from LEONID BREZHNEV, general secretary of Moldavian Communist Party, banishing “Socially Dangerous Elements”.  Agreement to increase numbers to be exiled from Moldavia (2 pp). [R 6 October 1952]

3 September 1953** (no number) [2.1] – Secretariat. Creation at Ministry of Internal Affairs of Special Division No.12 for “special assignments” (diversion, sabotage, assassination) abroad. Structure, functions, etc of Special Division (7 pp). [R 3 September 1953]

22 August 1956, St 21/4 [2.1] – Secretariat. Report of Central Commission overseeing re-examination of cases, Region by Region, of those convicted of political, administrative, and economic crimes. Response by Minister for Internal Affairs (6 October 1956) and the Central Committee Administrative Department (2 November 1956) are included in file (26 pp). [R 22 August 1956, St 21/4]

4 October 1956*, St 1061 [2.1] – Secretariat. Creation of the “Mill”, a fake border post in the Far East used from 1941 to 1949 to test the loyalty of individuals, who were then arrested and imprisoned; many were shot (9 pp). [R 4 October 1956, St 1061]

5 March 1957, 465-S [2.1] – KGB report (Serov). Anti-Soviet events during local elections (3 pp). [R 5 March 1957, 465-S]

19 December 1957* (no number) [2.1] – KGB report. ACADEMICIAN LEV LANDAU’s admiration for the Hungarian insurgents and comments about Bolshevik fascism (17 pp). [R 19 December 1957]

1960s

06 October 1960, Pb 162/22 [2.1; 9.1] – Politburo decision. Deportation of American citizen KAMENSKY from the USSR (3 pp). [R 6 October 1960, Pb 162-22]

25 December 1962*, 3265-S [2.1] – KGB report (Semichastny), approved by Central Committee. Change in procedures for informing relatives about prisoners’ date of death in the Stalin era (4 pp). [R 25 December 1962, 3265-S]

23 September 1966 (no number) [2.1; 9.1] – KGB memorandum. Detention of American citizen (DOWSON) (3 pp). [R 23 September 1966]

25 July 1967, No. 0097 [2.1] – Decision of KGB Chairman ANDROPOV about changes in the structure of the KGB. [R 25 July 1967, No 0097]

17 July 1969, St 167/3 [2.1] – Secretariat. Additions to code of conduct for Soviet citizens visiting foreign countries. The code of conduct for Soviet citizens visiting capitalist countries is provided separately (23 pp). [R 17 July 1969, St 167-3]

2 February 1970, 265-A [1.2; 2.1] – KGB report to MIKHAIL SUSLOV. Increase checks to limit pornography distributed by the foreigners. [R 2 February 1970, 265-A]

1970s

19 March 1970*, 699-A [2.1; 3.2] – KGB report. “Club for Democracy” organized in Tuapse by 14 high school students (2 pp). [R 19 March 1970, 699-A]

16 November 1972*, Pb 67/XVIII [2.1; 3.2] – Politburo decision. Special KGB “cautions” to be issued in cases of “politically harmful” behaviour (5 pp). [R 16 November 1972, Pb 67-XVIII]

30 January 1973, St 69/8 [2.1] – Secretariat. Procedures for Soviet citizens travelling to Socialist countries on private business (4 pp). [R 30 January 1973, St 69-8]

25 February 1974*, 565-Ts [2.1; 3.4; 3.5] – KGB memorandum (Tsvigun). The author and distributor of the leaflets in support of SOLZHENITSYN and SAKHAROV has been detained. [R 25 February 1974, 565-Ts] tbt

16 April 1974, St 121/23 [2.1] – Note from R.A. RUDENKO, USSR Procurator General on combating crime. An exchange of opinions in the Secretariat about his report (11 pp). [R 16 April 1974, St 121-23]

29 April 1974, St 123/28 [2.1] – Central Committee to the Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Health. Developing new antibiotics and chemicals to protect population against chemical weapons of mass destruction (7 pp). [R 29 April 1974, St 123-28]

2 July 1974, St 130/12 [2.1] – Secretariat. ANDROPOV letter about improving security in the defence industry following recent detection of a spy (5 pp). (R 2 July 1974, St 130-12]

3 July 1974, St 131/11 [1.4; 2.1] – Secretariat. Creation of a new position, the Deputy Chief of Special Aviation Unit (6 pp). [R 3 July 1974, St 131-11]

2.2 Terror and Repression, post-1974 …

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