3.2 THE SUPPRESSION OF DISSENT IN THE 1970s

1970

19 March 1970*, 699-A [2.1; 3.2] – KGB report. “Club for Democracy” organized in Tuapse by 14 high school students (2 pp). [R 19 March 1970, 699-A]

1 April 1970, 802-A [3.2] – KGB to Secretariat. Z. PAPERNY’s satire on KOCHETOV’s novel, What is it You Want? (6 pp). [R 1 April 1970, 8021-A]

27 April 1970*, 1118-A [2.1; 3.2] – KGB memorandum. The situation in the USSR and measures taken in relation to LENIN’s birth centenary (2 pp). [R 27 April 1970 – 1118-A]

30 April 1970, 1184-A [2.1; 3.2] – KGB report. An “illegal” Zionist organization in Leningrad, now under investigation (2 pp). [R 30 April 1970, 1184-A]

12 May 1970, 1281-A [3.2] – KGB report. About teachers who collaborated with the Germans during World War II [1941-1945] (5 pp). [R 12 May 1970, 1281-A]

12 June 1970*, 1610-A [2.1; 3.2] – KGB memorandum. The arrest of members of an illegal anti-Soviet youth organization in Sverdlovsk (2 pp). [R 12 June 1970, 1610-A]

17 July 1970, St 102/10 [3.2] – KGB report. The trial of NATALYA GORBANEVSKAYA and her incarceration in a psychiatric prison-hospital (4 pp). [R 17 July 1970, St 102-10]

10 August 1970*, 1903 [2.1; 3.2] – Decision of Moscow Party Committee. Improve coordination of all agencies during important trials; prevent certain lawyers (DINA KAMINSKAYA, SOPHIA KALISTRATOVA, Yu.V. POZDEYEV, and V.B. ROMM) from defending dissidents (4 pp). [R 10 August 1970, 1903] tbt

26 August 1970*, 2353-A [2.1; 3.2] – KGB report. Distribution of illegal leaflets by high school students in Ryazan. [R 26 August 1970 – 2353-A]

11 October 1970, Pb 176/81 [3.2] – Politburo decision. Do not prosecute VYACHESLAV BAKHMIN and IRINA KAPLUN; send their accomplice IRINA JOFFE for psychiatric treatment (5 pp). [R 11 October 1970, Pb 176-81]

1971

13 January 1971, 77-A [3.4; 3.2; 6] – KGB memorandum. The Western, anti-Soviet campaign in defence of SAKHAROV, SOLZHENITSYN and MSTISLAV ROSTROPOVICH (2 pp). [R 13 January 1971, 77-A]

15 January 1971*, St 119/11 [3.2] – Secretariat circulates KGB report (21 December 1970). Recent evolution of samizdat from literary works to political publications and the need obstruct and suppress this trend (5 pp). [R 15 January 1971, St 119-11]

21 April 1971, St 2/2 [3.2] – Central Committee. Measures to halt the spread of samizdat (6 pp). [R 21 April 1971, St 2-2]

19 May 1971*, Pb 4/48 [3.2] – Politburo decision. Pardon ANDREI SINYAVSKY (4 pp).  [R 19 May 1971, Pb 4-48]

18 June 1971*, 1572-Ch [3.2] – KGB report. VLADIMIR BUKOVSKY’s arrest (3 pp). [R 18 June 1971, 1572-Ch]

28 June 1971, St 8/37 [3.2] – Central Committee. Measures to stop the spread of samizdat (5 pp). [R 28 June 1971, St 8-37] (See also 21 April 1971, St-2/2, above)

16 September 1971, Pb 17/50 [3.2] – Politburo decision. Pardon LARISA BOGORAZ-BRUCHMAN (4 pp). [R 16 September 1971, Pb 17-50]

17 September 1971*, Pb 18/15 [3.2] – Politburo decision. Do not prosecute VENYAMIN KOZHARINOV, an associate of PYOTR YAKIR and VICTOR KRASIN (4 pp). [R 17 September 1971, Pb 18-15]

1972

7 January 1972*, 40-A [3.2] – KGB memorandum. BUKOVSKY’s future trial in a Moscow court and suggestion as to sentence: 7 years imprisonment plus 5 years exile (2 pp). [R 7 January 1972,  40-A]

30 April 1972*, 1176-A [3.2; 6] – KGB memorandum. Bring Soviet historian MIKHAIL VOSLENSKY back from West Germany (FRG). Briefly extend his Soviet travel passport but if necessary abduct him and forcibly return him to the USSR (2 pp). [R 30 April 1972, 1176-A]

20 May 1972*, 1333-A [3.2] – KGB memorandum. Proposal for a press conference with foreign journalists about the convicted dissidents VLADIMIR BUKOVSKY and ANDREI AMALRIK (5 pp). [R 20 May 1972, 1333-A]

7 September 1972, No 1/5507 [3.2] – Jewish demonstrations at Dutch and Lebanese embassies in Moscow in response to the massacre at the  Olympic Games in Munich. [R 7 September 1972, No 1-5507]

16 November 1972*, Pb 67/XVIII [2.1; 3.2] – Politburo decision. Special KGB “cautions” to be issued in cases of “politically harmful” behaviour (5 pp). [R 16 November 1972, Pb 67-XVIII]

1973

26 February 1973*, 409-A [3.2] – KGB to Central Committee. Keep SINYAVSKY away from “anti-social elements”. Suggestion: offer and permit him to work in France for 3 years (2 pp). [R 26 February 1973, 409-A]

31 August 1973, 2091-A [3.2; 9] – KGB memo to Central Committee. Translation and analysis of a CIA memo about Radio Liberty, requested by Senator FULBRIGHT. It  concludes that role of “samizdat” is over-estimated. (The CIA memo is not attached.) [R 31 August 1973, 2091-A]

1974

19 June 1974, No 1/59 [3.2] – Memorandum from Ukraine Communist Party. The detention of VLADIMIR MOROZ and PAVEL KRIVOSHEY (2 pp). [R 18 June 1974, No 1-59]

5 July 1974*, 1640-A [3.2] – KGB memorandum. The arrest of VLADIMIR MOROZ and his links with anti-Soviet literature, contacts with foreigners, etc. (2 pp). [R 5 July 1974, 1640-A] tbt

27 August 1974*, 2436-Ts [3.2] – KGB memorandum (Tsvigun). Cut short the term of internal exile for PYOTR YAKIR and VICTOR KRASIN in view of their penitence, the information they provided about others, and their participation in a press conference (2 pp). [R 27 August 1974, 2436-Ts] tbt

10 October 1974*, 2882-A [3.2] – Politburo decision. The State should offer work for sculptor ERNST NEIZVESTNY (3 pp). [R 10 October 1974, 2882-A]

13 November 1974*, 3222-A [3.2] – KGB memorandum. The criminal investigation of VLADIMIR MOROZ (2 pp). [R 13 November 1974, 3222-A] tbt

1975

11 March 1975, 547-A [2.2; 3.2] – KGB memorandum. Confiscation of matzo in parcels sent from abroad. [R 11 March 1975, 547-A]

5 April 1975, 784-A [3.2] – KGB report. Writer VLADIMIR VOINOVICH intends to set up a branch of the PEN Club in Moscow (3 pp). [R 5 April 1975, 784-A]

12 April 1975*, 878-A [3.2] – KGB report. The criminal activities of ANDREI TVERDOKHLEBOV as a member of the Committee for Human Rights, and the Moscow branch of Amnesty International (3 pp). [R 12 April 1975, 878-A]

4 May 1975*, 1103-A [2.2; 3.2] – KGB memorandum. The situation during the 1975 May Day celebrations. [R 4 May 1975, 1103-A]

12 June 1975*, 1482-A [3.2] – KGB memorandum. Attempts by “German extremists” to provoke anti-Soviet behaviour during elections in USSR (2 pp).  [R 12 June 1975, 1482-A]

19 June 1975, St 173/4 [3.2] – KGB report. About the negative state of mind among Soviet artistic youth; and the Izmailovo unofficial art show (11 pp). [R 19 June 1975, St 173-4]

25 August 1975, No 94 [3.2] – Report on the status of investigations into the “criminal activities” of the following: YAKOV GALKIN, NIKOLAI RUDENKO, VLADIMIR BUKOVSKY, VALENTIN MOROZ, IRINA SENIK, GANTOBORI MUKHAMETISHIN, LAZAR SOTNICHENKO, LEONID PLYUSHCH, SERGEI KOVALYOV and ANDREI TVERDOKHLEBOV (9 pp). [R 25 August 1975, No 94]

15 October 1975, 2603-A [3.2] – KGB memorandum. Announcing that VLADIMIR MAXIMOV has been deprived of his Soviet citizenship. [R 15 October 1975, 2603-A]

31 October 1975, 2740-A [3.2] – KGB report. Measures to prevent the family of defector AGAPOV from joining him abroad (2 pp). [R 31 October 1975, 2740-A]

8 December 1975*, 3039-A [3.2; 3.4] – KGB report. The 5 December 1975 demonstration of “anti-Soviet” elements on Pushkin Square, Moscow. [R 8 December 1975, 3039-A]

18 December 1975, Pb 198/93 [3.2; 5; 7.1] – Politburo to French Communist Party (PCF). About dissidents, human rights and the criminal investigation of LEONID PLYUSHCH (9 pp). [R 18 December 1975, Pb 198-93]

29 December 1975*, 3213-A [3.2; 5] – KGB report. ANDROPOV on the attitude of the French and Italian Communist Parties toward human rights issues. Includes information on conviction of dissenters since 1958 (5 pp). [R 29 December 1975, 3213-A]

1976

11 January 1976*, 81-A [3.2; 2.2] – KGB memorandum. Measures to prevent an “illegal” commemorative meeting in honour of the 1825 Decembrist Rebellion. [R 11 January 1976, 81-A] tbt

14 January 1976, Pb 201/44 [3.2] – Politburo. Information to Communist Party leaders about Western anti-Soviet propaganda. List of recipients (23 pp). [R 14 January 1976, Pb 201-44]

05 February 1976, Pb 203/104 [3.2] – Politburo. Further list of Communist Parties to be sent information (see 14 January 1976 document) about Western anti-Soviet propaganda concerning “human rights violations” (2 pp). [R 5 February 1976, Pb 203-104]

12 February 1976, 360-A [3.2] – KGB to Secretariat. The KGB issues a caution to PYOTR GRIGORENKO (2 pp). [R 12 February 1976, 360-A]

16 February 1976, 394-A [3.2; 5] – KGB report. Attempts by anti-Soviet elements to influence Communist Parties in capitalist countries (3 pp). [R 16 February 1976, 394-A]

29 August 1976*, Pb 24/25 [3.2; 5] – Politburo. Letter to PCI leader ENRICO BERLINGUER from Central Committee about BUKOVSKY (4 pp). [R 29 August 1976, St 22-15] tbt

25 October 1976*, No 25-S-2025 [3.2] – Central Committee Information Department to Soviet ambassadors about Western anti-Soviet campaign (3 pp). [R 25 October 1976, No 25-S-2025]

15 November 1976*, 2577-A [3.2] – KGB report. About the anti-Soviet activities of the so-called Helsinki Groups in USSR, and measures to counter their activities (3 pp). [R 15 November 1976, 2577-A] tbt

8 December 1976 (no number) [3.2] – Special secret report of the Soviet ambassador to the USA. Agreement reached with Chilean government to deport Communist Party leader LUIS CORVALAN (2 pp). [R 8 December 1976, No 73401]

10 December 1976, Pb 38/23 [3.2] – Politburo. Measures relating to the deportation of imprisoned Communist leader LUIS CORVALAN from Chile (4 pp). [R 10 December 1976, Pb 38-23)

14 December 1976*, No 74565 [3.2] – Chilean government agreement to deport LUIS CORVALAN in exchange for political prisoner BUKOVSKY (3 pp). [R 14 December 1976, No 74565] tbt

15 December 1976, Pb 38/46 [3.2] – Politburo. On exchange of CORVALAN for BUKOVSKY – conditions, arrangements, etc (6 pp). [R 15 December 1976, Pb 38-46]

20 December 1976*, 2857-A [3.2] – KGB report. Public reaction to the deportation of BUKOVSKY (5 pp). [R 20 December 1976, 2857-A] tbt

28 December 1976, St 37/14 [1.1; 3.2] – Secretariat. Report from KGB – An analysis of the negative state of mind among Soviet youth and students (24 pp). [R 28 December 1976, St 37-14]

1977

5 January 1977, 22-A [3.2] – KGB memorandum. Measures to stop the proliferation of anti-Soviet activities by the “Helsinki Watch Committee in USSR“, and its sub-committees set up in Ukraine and Lithuania. (KGB search apartments of YURY ORLOV, N.D. RUDENKO, IVAN KANDYBA, ALEKSY TIKHOI, LEV LUKYANENKO, ALEXANDER GINZBURG and LUDMILA ALEXEYEVA.) (2 pp). [R 5 January 1977, 22-A]

20 January 1977*, 123-A [3.2] – KGB report. Measures to halt the anti-Soviet activities of the “Helsinki Watch Committee in the USSR“: YURY ORLOV, ALEXANDER GINSBURG, N.D. RUDENKO, TOMAS VENCLOVA (6 pp). [R 20 January 1977, St 1-15] tbt

18 February 1977*, Pb 46/X [3.2; 9.1] – Instructions to the Soviet ambassador to USA for discussion with CYRUS VANCE about human rights (7 pp). [R 18 February 1977, Pb 46-X] INC

18 February 1977, 330-A [3.2; 3.4; 9.1] – KGB to Central Committee about the measures it has taken against American anti-Soviet activities in dissident and nationalist circles. US embassy staff keep close contacts with dissidents and often meet with them (ZVIAD GAMSAKHURDIA, YURY ORLOV, ANDREI SAKHAROV). KGB suggests that the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs issue a formal protest (3 pp). [R  18 February 1977,  330-A]

22 February 1977, St 45/8 [3.2; 5] – Secretariat. Draft of a lengthy letter (22 pp) to PCF (French Communist Party). The final version was confirmed a month later (see 15 March 1977, P49/XV.) [R 22 February 1977, St 45-8]

01 March 1977*, St 46/15 [3.2] – Secretariat. Proposal for Soviet press release concerning BUKOVSKY’s meeting with US President JIMMY CARTER (7 pp). [R 1 March 1977, St 46-15] tbt

9 March 1977, St 47/12 [1.2; 3.2] – Secretariat. A new anti-Soviet film made in FRG about the dissidents and events in Czechoslovakia (4 pp). [R 9 March 1977,  St 47-12]

15 March 1977*, Pb 49/XV [3.2; 5] – Politburo. Final version of the letter to leaders of the French Communist Party (for draft see above, 22 February, St 45/8). (23 pp). [R 15 March 1977, Pb 49-XV]

24 March 1977*, Pb 50/71 [3.2; 9.1] – Politburo. Measures to “stop activities of the US special services in the anti-Soviet campaign” about human rights (4 pp). [R 24 March 1977, Pb 50-71]

29 March 1977*, 647-A [3.2; 9.1] – KGB memorandum. Reactions of US embassy  and foreign press corps to measures taken by Soviet authorities against “dissidents”. (3 pp). [R 29 March 1977, 647-A]

12 May 1977*, 958-A [3.2] – KGB to Politburo. Proposal that the Soviet bloc boycott the International Rostropovich competition in Paris. Draft CPSU decree attached (2 pp). [R 12 May 1977, 958-A]

19 May 1977*, Pb 56/68 [3.2; 6] – Politburo. Instructions to Soviet ambassadors on human rights issues (21 pp). [R 19 May 1977, Pb 56-68]

20 May 1977, (109-A) [2.2; 3.2] – KGB memorandum. Action plan to stop financial aid from abroad reaching anti-Soviet elements (3 pp). [R 20 May 1977, 109-A]

10 June 1977*, Pb 60/22 [3.2] – Politburo. KGB report on increasing anti-Soviet activities of Amnesty International (4 pp). [R 10 June 1977, Pb 60-22] tbt

27 September 1977*, St 74/6 [3.2; 5] – Secretariat. Measures to stop “anti-Soviet campaign” in Italy (13 pp). [R 27 September 1977, 14 pp – St 4407]

19 October 1977, Pb 78/57 [3.2] – Politburo decision. Deny permission for the Washington National Symphony (conductor, MSTISLAV ROSTROPOVICH) to give concerts in Moscow to (3 pp). [R 19 October 1977, 237-A]

25 December 1977* (no number) [3.2] – Completion of criminal investigation of ANATOLY SHCHARANSKY (6 pp). [R 25 December 1977, 12643-A]

1978

9 February 1978, Pb 92/65 [3.2] – Politburo decision. Stripping General GRIGORENKO of his Soviet citizenship (4 pp). [R 9 February 1978, Pb 92-65]

14 March 1978, Pb 97/54 [3.2] – Politburo decision. Stripping MSTISLAV ROSTROPOVICH and his wife GALINA VISHNEVSKAYA of their Soviet citizenship (5 pp). [R 14 March 1978, Pb 97-54]

17 March 1978 *, 492-Ch [3.2] – Note from KGB deputy director Chebrikov. Transfer of “especially dangerous” prisoners from Vladimir Prison to Chistopol Prison in Tatarstan (2 pp). [R 17 March 1978, 492-Ch]

1 April 1978*, 785-A [3.2] – KGB memorandum. Arrangements for the trials of “anti-Soviet elements” such as ANATOLY SHCHARANSKY, LUBMAN, FILATOV, NILOV, ALEXANDER GINZBURG, YURY ORLOV and ZVIAD GAMSAKHURDIA (4 pp). [R 1 April 1978, 785-A]

6 April 1978, 655-A [3.2] – KGB note on KLEBANOV’s independent trade union. [R 6 April 1978, 655-A]

30 May 1978, St 109/13 [3.2; 5] – Secretariat. Reply to letter from Belgian Communist Party, explaining why YURY ORLOV must stand trial (10 pp). [R 30 May 1978, St 109-13]

12 June 1978, 1155-A [3.2] – KGB memorandum to BREZHNEV. About publication of writer JULIAN SEMENOV’s article Who benefits? [R 12 June 1978, 1155-A]

16 June 1978, St 112/57 [2.2; 3.2] – Secretariat. KGB proposal to deny KORCHNOI’s family permission to join the chess grandmaster who had defected from the USSR (6 pp). [R 16 June 1978, 112-57]

28 June 1978, 1311-A [3.2] – KGB report. Measures to halt ALEXANDER ZINOVIEV’s anti-Soviet activities. Recommendation that he be permitted to leave Soviet Union without the right to return (5 pp). [R 28 June 1978, 1311-A]

3 July 1978 *, St 144/34 [3.2; 6] – Secretariat. Instruction to the Soviet ambassador in Norway about Norwegian Labour Party‘s request to free YURY ORLOV. Provides review of ORLOV’s “anti-Soviet activities” (8 pp). [R 3 July 1978, St 114-39]

13 September 1978, 61-A [3.2] – KGB memorandum. Concerning the provocative suggestion that the Nobel Peace Prize be awarded to YURY ORLOV, ALEXANDER GINZBURG, ANATOLY SHCHARANSKY and others (2 pp). [R 13 September 1978, 61-A]

6 November 1978*, No 24348 [3.2] – About Academician POLIKANOV: permission granted to leave USSR with loss of all State awards (4 pp). [R 6 November 1978, No 24348]

1979

3 April 1979, St 153/13 [3.2; 9.1] – Central Committee. About the “SOS group”, scientists in defence of YURY ORLOV and ANATOLY SHCHARANSKY (17 pp). [R 3 April 1979, St 153-13]

24 April 1979, Pb 150/129 [3.2] – Politburo decision. Deprivation of citizenship for EDUARD KUZNETSOV, MARK DYMSHITS, VALENTIN MOROZ, GEORGY VINS and ALEXANDER GINZBURG, and their exchange for two US spies (10 pp). [R 24 April 1979, Pb 150-129]

31 May 1979, Pb 153/67 [3.2] – Politburo. Letting family members of VINS and GINZBURG join them abroad (7 pp). [R 31 May 1979, Pb 153-67]

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